cohabitation in media rendering ordered the public to young people’s sexual morality is full of anxiety. So, China’s living situation how? Based on the 2008 & other; Urban and rural areas under the comparative perspective of family values change research & throughout; Research data, with other countries, especially compared with the United States, we get the relatively rational knowledge.
a significant difference was found in the world’s attitude toward cohabitation
English demographer Catherine & middot; Kiernan (Kathleen Kiernan) will the European social acceptance of cohabitation is divided into four stages: in the first stage and the edge of cohabitation is the avant-garde phenomenon; The second phase will be living together as the field of marriage; The third stage will be living together as alternative forms of marriage; The fourth stage think marriage and cohabitation no difference.
from the latest figures released by the organisation for economic co-operation and development, the islamic world the cohabitation of the lowest rates in the world, such as Turkey together over the age of 20, 2007 population is only 0.2%. The Mediterranean region of Italy and Greece and Asia Japan belongs to the typical & other; Living together as edges and avant-garde phenomenon throughout the &; Countries, people over the age of 20 cohabitation rate at 1% & ndash; 2%. In these countries, cohabitation tend to occur in the high degree of education, economic independence, strong population and urban areas, and with the person that reside in divorce has more people. At present, Europe has including Denmark, France, Germany, Norway and England, 11 countries, allow cohabiting couples to register & other; Civil unions & throughout; The way to obtain legal status. Some countries, cohabiting couples although there is no way to register the law, but the marriage and cohabitation after a certain period of time can be obtained as legal status. And New Zealand, for example, living together can be obtained more than half a year and 3 years respectively and as the rights and obligations of marriage. In these countries, therefore, cohabitation and marriage is no different. In Norway, and Denmark, for example, cohabitation proportion in the population over the age of 20, 2001 in more than 10%, among them 20 & ndash; 34 were 22.7% and 28.6% respectively, the proportion of young people living together in 2009 newborns in the out-of-wedlock birth rate was 55.0% and 46.2%.
cohabitation in the United States are essential to the marriage
the acceptance for cohabitation of the increase in the 1960 s, after entering the 21st century, young people generally will live together as & other; The field of marriage & throughout; And & other Essential to marriage & throughout; . In 2000, the population of more than 20 to 5.5% of cohabitation, considered from the second stage & other; To live together as the field of marriage & throughout; The third stage & other; To live together as the alternative form of marriage & throughout; The transition phase. The U.S. census bureau in 2009, according to the survey 30 & ndash; 44, 7% of the population is in a state of cohabitation, compared with 1999, almost doubled; In 2008, according to data in the 19th & ndash; 44, 58% of women in cohabitation experience, among them, the lower the level of education, the higher the proportion of women live together, not have lived together in high school, on the proportion of 73%, had gone to college, have experience in the proportion of 47%. According to the analysis, the economic reason (two people live together can reduce the rent from one side) and due to the high divorce rate caused by lack of marriage is the important reason for American young people choosing to live together, so, young people entering the trial period before marriage is more and more long.
in terms of concept, 2003 American households, household survey in 20 & ndash; 35, young people, 68% want to examine through cohabitation companion for the right person to marry, nearly sixty percent of respondents agreed that cohabitation, and approval & other Don’t want to get married can also live together & throughout; The proportion (58.2%) than & other; Planning to get married can live together & throughout; (56.3%), the American young people more understanding from the perspective of individual rights, rather than from the perspective of marriage. Parents to their children the attitude of the unmarried cohabitation is also quite tolerant, mother & other; On her decision to unmarried cohabitation & throughout; Said & other; Not happy not happy & throughout; 4.2% (8.5%), and other Is not happy & throughout; 4.2% (6.1%), and other Some unhappy & throughout; 24.2% (23.6%), and other Some happy & throughout; 47.2% (48.1%), and other Very happy & throughout; 20.4% (13.7%).
more in favor of the elderly living in China
summary of several large probability sampling investigation found that the proportion of cohabitation in China is extremely low, such as pan national sampling survey in 2000 was 0.7%, in 2006, the national social survey is 0.4%, li yinhe hosted five city survey results for 0.8% in 2008. The author participated in the 2008 survey of the results is 1.1%, even under 35 years old and young, cohabitation proportion is only 3.2%. Contrast the four stages theory of cohabitation, China and Italy, Greece, the closest belongs to the first phase of the typical.
2008 survey also showed that on the concept, young people are more accepted on the premise of marriage, but overall tolerance is not high. Under 35 years old and young people, only about twenty percent (23%) of young people agree with & other; Single men and women as long as there is going to get married to live together & throughout; Point of view, but to & other; Single men and women even don’t want to get married can together & throughout; , only 12% agreed. On the assessment of the pros and cons of cohabitation, overall present & other; Do more harm than good & throughout; In the situation. 73% of respondents agreed with & other; Cohabitation than marry a lack of security & throughout; , 34% agreed with & other; Can live together before marriage to get to know each other to determine whether the two sides right & throughout; The claim. It is interesting to note that young people are more agree with the old people living together, 44% approval & other; Single to take care of each other in old people living together and to reduce unnecessary trouble & throughout; . These results indicate that the current Chinese youth judgment of cohabitation is reasonable or not, in addition to the cultural values of moral constraints, mainly the restriction of the national marriage system. Because of cohabitation is not protected by law in China, restricted by the family planning policy and fertility behavior, the young bear cohabit consequence of high cost, such as the birth of children is difficult to obtain marital birth children equal treatment, separation or death of a party in the division or inheritance of property and other aspects of the treatment is different also. Fertility problems, while the elderly living together because there is no cost is relatively low, and it is because the outside of the legal relationship, actually decreased from the children of marriage property inheritance disputes, etc. From the national welfare system design, southern European countries such as China and Italy, the family is the most important and even personal life is the only guarantee. In this background, the common characteristics of marriage and family is the divorce rate is relatively low, the cohabitation rate is relatively low, relationship more restrained by their family and society.