“Encyclopedic thinkers” Dewey and modern Chinese education

in 1968 the United States Dewey commemorative stamps issued & have spent

Dewey lectures in China during the young member of Chinese society had a group photo taken with nanjing

editor’s note: Dewey with Chinese origin can be traced back to the may fourth movement, at that time, his theory was warmly welcomed; Since the 1930 s he gradually in China & other; Fade out & throughout; And died out; So far, in the late 70 s, Dewey began to return to China. As education scholars roth pointed out: the United States and other The ideas of the future will be more than Dewey & hellip; & hellip; But it’s hard to imagine it in advance, how can I bypass Dewey. Throughout the &; The round but & other; Encyclopedic & throughout; Great thinkers of the American education system, political ideal and even the national spirit is what kind of impact? His trip to China and what is the impact? How should we face today Dewey’s ideological heritage? The economist invited scholars of China and the United States makes a deep discussion.

Wu Zitong: Dewey’s academic research covers various fields such as psychology, pedagogy, philosophy, including his democracy education thought influence especially profound, not only become the basic outline of education in the western world and the political ideal, but also gradually spread to the rest of the world. The core of Dewey thought is what? He to the United States education and social what effect? When Chinese contact theory of Dewey began? What is the academic and ideological tendency of the China?

Roger Ames: we now use & other; Pragmatism & throughout; To translate Dewey’s philosophy is not appropriate, should be translated into & other; Experimental & throughout; . The United States is a new immigrant country, like a & other; The United Nations & throughout; So to experiment, how to become a new country. I got a bad criticism to the United States, but if talk about education, everyone to go to the United States by education, I think John Dewey considerable influence on our education. In philosophy, education, we must clearly said that he is a revolution. Because America is a divided country, such as republicans is absolute & ndash; & ndash; God is right, homosexuality is bad, if you accept abortion god won’t forgive you, this is half that of the United States. Is the other half is open, pluralistic democracy, Dewey was a democrat.

Sun Youzhong: Chinese academia contact theory of Dewey is a few years ago, the May 4th movement, such as, Chiang monlin, tao xingzhi people before and after reading in the Columbia in 1915, these people while reading, while Dewey’s thoughts back to the home. After they learn homecoming, become the leader of thought education reform in China, directly in & other; The May 4th movement & throughout; Before and after the Dewey’s thoughts spread to China’s academic circles. People often ask is, why Dewey at that time China has so much influence? In fact, I wrote a small article, thought about this question, Dewey’s thought into China, timely, so to speak. Why is that? Have taken place in China for over 100 years ago the xinhai revolution, overthrew the feudal monarchy and established the republic of China, but was not able to build a true democracy, but also not solve the problem of China’s unity and rich and strong (powerful). Face chronic poverty, behind the crisis & other; The May 4th movement & throughout; And before & other; The May 4th movement & throughout; Period, Chinese intellectuals found the source of the failure of China is not only no gunboats, no democratic constitutionalism, the most fundamental reason is that the whole society, thought and culture and decadent, so is the core of the May 4th movement new culture movement. Generation intellectuals thought, to really solve the problem of China need to solve the problem of culture, so must have new culture & other; Reconstruction of Chinese civilization & throughout; , these people are gradually walk to the road. To a great extent, Dewey’s thought is the social reformism, cultural reformism, his strategy of the social progress, as it happens and the basic thoughts of Chinese intellectual atmosphere. And, in turn, we can say, Dewey’s philosophy of politics, society, culture and education for & other; The May 4th movement & throughout; Provides the thought weapon before and after China’s intelligentsia.

Wu Zitong: Dewey’s experimentalism philosophy systematically timing is everything, everything is not acknowledged completely certain things, not in favor of a fixed value. If this is lead to relativism dangerous????? Dewey’s experimentalism have certain inner link with Chinese traditional culture?

Roger Ames: I think that time is also a time of worship of science, scientism is supreme, Dewey is a little too much to use science to make a value judgment. But he wants to leave before the kind of systemic since Greek philosophy, can only rely on fundamental change “principle. Talking about what he asking what is the last experience on this phenomenon, we can call his naturalism, because he rejected beyond the imagination of nature, but to see what’s the problem, from our daily experience and as a material to solve the problem. This have resonance with Chinese traditional ideas, is holism, is also a process of cosmology. Knowledge concerning the biggest myth is & other; Knowledge is what is real & throughout; , according to Dewey’s view, what is real, you dream is real, previously thought to bring about the real idea together, Dewey is to leave the views, think of our experience is true, whatever experience, no differences in ontology.

Sun Youzhong: I think from the perspective of experience to make sense of Dewey’s philosophy, and will not lead to absolute relativism. Because the experience is individual, diverse, so we have to question the judgment of the, observing, the conclusion is the diversity, but no matter how diverse, must be based on experience, can’t be distracted. So he is not beyond the ideal level of experience of multivariate, Dewey, in essence, is not an idealist. He attaches great importance to science. He is an absolute empiricism, because experience has diversity, diversity, so the truth or diversity, multiple points of view.