Ronald & middot; Dworkin
(on November 11, 1931 – February 14, 2013), was born in Massachusetts, the famous American philosopher and jurist. Taught at Yale university, university of London, New York university, etc., considered with the method of the famous American philosopher fuller, rawls famous jurist, its representative works have “seriously rights”, the “law”, the freedom of law, etc.
(reporter Wu Yongxi) a famous American philosopher and jurist Ronald & middot; Dworkin (Ronald Dworkin) the day before yesterday, died in London at the age of 81. Dworkin is one of the most famous and the most active contemporary jurist, and social issues will be widely applied to its legal thoughts & ndash; & ndash; Such as race, abortion, euthanasia and equality & ndash; & ndash; The above discussion. Dworkin died of leukemia.
advocated by moral principles to interpret the law
in his popular book rights seriously, dworkin criticizes the Anglo-American law two popular point: positivism and utilitarianism. Positivism jurisprudence theory is that the rights of the individual is limited to those through the political decision-making process of the rights granted and long-term social practice; Utilitarianism argues that the law should be the vast crowd to maximize the interests of (maximum). Dworkin believes, on the basis of the utilitarianism theory, minority rights will never succumb to most people’s will.
in contrast, dworkin proposed & other; Consistency throughout the &; (law as integrity) legal concept, advocated the judge, in accordance with the ethical principles of consistent and public (especially the principles of justice and fairness) to interpret the law. & other; Consistency throughout the &; Principle requires the government to all citizens, must be in a way that is with principle and coherent action, used by themselves to some fairness or justice of the substantive standards, expanding to every one of us. Dworkin’s theory urges the constitution & other; Moral interpretation & throughout; To argue that the authority of the law from ordinary people accepted moral values. The theory of his followers, especially among the social liberal.
to law and the interest of philosophy to life to learn
dworkin was born in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1931. In 1953, he graduated from Harvard University with full excellent grades. Then he enter the university of Oxford as a rhodes scholar, learning and philosophy of law, and then to study law at harvard law school. In with high honors from harvard law school after graduation, dworkin by the United States court of appeals for the famous judge learned & middot; Hired as assistant handler (Learned Hand). Handler, later said dworkin is his assistant to let him in the most satisfactory one. Since then, dworkin in the famous Sullivan & amp; Cromwell law firms practicing lawyer. Dworkin joined Yale university in 1961, professor of jurisprudence. Although once during the Oxford dworkin criticizes the teacher hart positivism jurisprudence thought, but hart still presented in 1969 its succeed themselves as jurisprudence at the university of Oxford, until 1998. Since 1975, dworkin at New York university as a professor of law and philosophy. Dworkin join, greatly enhanced the reputation of the New York university school of law, he and a philosopher Thomas & middot; Hosted by Nagel (Thomas Nagel found) cooperation & other; Legal, political and social philosophy throughout the workshop &; Is today one of the world’s most prestigious academic BBS, invited papers to proud of scholars.
widely to join the debate public hotspots
dworkin’s works include “seriously rights” (1977), “the principles” (1985), “the law” (1986), “the autonomy of life: a debate about corruption” (1993), “freedom’s law: the moral reading of the constitution of the United States” (1996), the supreme virtue: the theory and practice of equality “(2000),” democracy is possible? New political debate the principles of the (2006), “the hedgehog justice” (2011), etc.