ancient residents turpan fancy snacks. (file photo)
a few days ago, the United States of the archaeological magazine in 2011, the world’s top ten archaeological discoveries, in xinjiang Su Beixi sites found in a bowl of millet noodles, and more than 2400 years ago found in shaanxi bone soup together to be included in the 2000 years ago, aroused people’s attention.
2400 years ago people eat? 3000 years ago people eat? This is one of many in the modern age, people always want to know things. Today, archaeological experts found in the tomb of the millet noodles, well-preserved. Archaeological experts tell us, in the near future, they can replicate by simulating the noodles, make modern people experience the meals of the elders.
Su Beixi ruins of noodles
Su Beixi site in shanshan county, turpan prefecture, xinjiang spit valley trench town Su Beixi village throughout the hinterland, three kilometers south of meiyukou spit ditch west bank of the river. In May 1980, the xinjiang uygur autonomous region museum, turpan region relics’ management center 8 tombs clean up here. In January 1985, after more than 50 tombs were stolen, turpan region relics’ management center of cultural relics collection arrangement for many times, through the survey found the ruins of Su Beixi) plot and 1, 2, and in no. 1 cemetery unearthed the noodles and other food. The winter of 1991 to build a road, and found no. 3, the graveyard, when making disentombs, unearthed from the food caryopsis, etc.
by carbon dating samples, Su Beixi site, graveyard, and s of the cultural relics of the 5th century BC to the third century BC.
according to host Su Beixi site excavations cultural relic institute of archaeology researcher Lv Enguo introduced in xinjiang, xinjiang turpan area rainfall, climate is very dry, so many of the archaeological sites in the plant remains often due to the rapid drying dehydration can be well preserved.
municipal scientific and technological development of the Chinese academy of sciences and technology Jiang Hongen associate professors, scholars, selected the Su Beixi site unearthed in the remaining part of the noodles and 3 cake remains, there are some remaining caryopsis, the plant remains identification, starch grains and plant extraction and analysis of the silicon body, and millet foods for the system simulation experiments such as boiled, steamed, baked. The results show that the Su Beixi relics unearthed noodles and snack is made from millet ground after. And cluster analysis of the simulation results show that, once boiled noodles heritage, remaining caryopsis is a rich natural air-dry millet porridge, roasting and points in the heart.
famous archaeological experts chang-sui wang professor believe science and technology, the study results & other; To explore more than 2000 years ago in turpan is enclosed within the walls of a living way and provides valuable information, sino-foreign cultural exchanges will also for the future study of similar samples to establish better analysis process & throughout; .
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wheat from archaeological discoveries, as early as the early Bronze Age xinjiang region have started planting wheat and edible, to the han dynasty with the continuous development of agricultural civilization, wheat gradually become one of the main crop cultivation in local residents. (file photo)
noodles to rewrite history
after Su Beixi ruins discovered the noodles, in 2002, archaeologists in qinghai province lajia site found the noodles again. Through identification in many ways, finally to determine the composition of the lajia site found in qinghai province of noodles to the mixture of millet and millet (millet) products, s for 4000 years ago, is the earliest known noodles.
municipal scientific and technological development of the Chinese academy of sciences and technology Jiang Hongen associate professor and other people think, xinjiang Su Beixi relics unearthed confirmed the history of Chinese noodles noodles much earlier than early literature records, and noodles are the elongated shape rest rather than another. Thus, the early literatures have their obvious limitations.
but from the point of the research results, Su Beixi site unearthed noodles for millet only a kind of raw materials, while the lajia site unearthed noodles raw materials for the production of millet and millet. Lajia site unearthed ruins and Su Beixi noodles food for agriculture archaeology and ancient Chinese food culture research, provides a new clue, has rewritten the history of noodles origin time.
millet, millet, originated in China in the north, wheat, barley, cultivation, the first in the province of these crops in xinjiang turpan many cemeteries have found that suggests that the region should be one of the east and the west cultural exchange center at the time, it helped to promote the spread of crop east and west.
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dumplings for XiaoMaiMian mass in the tang dynasty, shaped like a crescent, thin skin, with fillings, and now the dumplings. Dumpling said at the time & other; Water Angle & throughout; , & other Slot & throughout; Or & other Prison pill & throughout; And so on. As one of the traditional food of the Chinese nation, as early as the tang dynasty has become the turpan area residents generally eat a kind of pasta. (file photo)
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treasure phase pattern of moon cakes in tang dynasty. (file photo)