in urumqi, China news agency on May 2 (Sun Ting wen hui wan) as digging s turpan, xinjiang region the largest and earliest buddhist grottoes group, is also a place along the ancient silk road important place of Buddhism, buddhist relics in mainland China southern xinjiang and important link of meiyukou spit ditch cave temple, the end of the second phase of the archaeological excavations in 2, excavated a large number of murals pieces, and clean up the center back to the cave sites such as corridor column.
turpan archaeological research institute, deputy director of the institute, said wang lung is the second phase of archaeological excavations began in early April, for the first phase of the continuation of the archaeological work, excavated area of 500 square meters, the excavated area mainly focused on the buddhist temple on the ground, vomit valley GouGou mouth and spit valley gully cave temples in northern west bank group.
2010 & ndash; In 2011, spit valley gully grottoes temple site launched the first protective archaeological excavations, excavated a large number of paper documents and other cultural relics.
the excavation is a from spitting valley gully grottoes and wat began to clean up north, 12 pieces found a large number of murals, clearing center back to pillars and a circular tower, room wat, and a large number of monks, zen grotto, etc. In addition, is a mining, mainly to solve the meiyukou spit ditch cave temple caves form layout of the west bank, and to modify originally considered wrong caves.
according to wang lung, spit valley gully grottoes and discover system for people to understand and recovery in turpan shape layout provides new materials of ancient temples. Before the scholar thinks buddhist grottoes is a kind of isolated buildings exist, through this excavation, built the temple was found grotto is a part of, only then the temple was destroyed, only caves.
wang lung, according to archaeologists of the murals samples excavated will also be repaired. In addition, from the excavated from mural samples excavated and existing murals, reflects various cultural influence on ancient gaochang grotto art.
archaeological scholars believe that the excavation to a renewed understanding of turpan region, history, culture, and harmonious coexistence of every ethnic and religious social background, etc., has important historical value and great realistic significance.
turpan is the ancient silk road town, more than 200 cultural relics have been found, the unearthed more than 40000 relics from the prehistoric to modern, from the point of the unearthed cultural relics, turpan using at least more than 18 kinds of ancient, 25 languages, a large number of cultural relics and historical facts, turpan is one of the world profound Chinese culture, Indian culture, Greek culture, islamic culture, the intersection of four major system. The